Sunday, September 18, 2016

Vṛkṣāyurveda treatises

Q1: Is "Vṛkṣāyurveda" a single book?

A: No,
So far about 35 original treatises which are published, 30 others which are found and are available as manuscripts (waiting for editing /publishing) in various ORIs (Oriental research institutes) across India and the world. Many others for which references were available in various Sanskrit texts. Ecologically friendly solutions to many of today's agriculture issues like drought, floods, arid land farming, etc. can be found in "Vṛkṣāyurveda".


Q2: Is "Vṛkṣāyurveda" just a plant science in Sanskrit, similar to Botany?

A: No,
"Vṛkṣāyurveda" includes "plant science /botany", but is much more than that. It includes agronomy, agro-meterology, ecology, hydrology, pharmacognosy, soil science, water-body preservation, etc.

Q3: Why "Vṛkṣāyurveda" is a combination of many subjects?

A: It is to be kept in mind that the “bhāratīya śāstra” are not  compartmentalized like the Western scientific disciplines and there are many overlaps and therefore one has to study the whole gamut of inter-related disciplines to become a 'vidvān' (true scholar and not just one with a certificate).  For example there is a great deal of “jyotiṣa śāstra” in “vṛkṣāyurvedaḥ” as there is a great deal of Mathematics in Indian Astrology

Q4: What are the plant standardization, with respect to "Vṛkṣāyurveda" ?

A: The "amarakośa" (one of the important Sanskrit lexicon), the "bhāvaprakāśa nighanṭu" (one of the important "āyurvedic" herbal encyclopedia) and many other traditional /ethno-botanical texts in Sanskrit follow the nomenclatures of 'Vṛkṣāyurveda' - this helps in identification, collection, storage, processing, seed-preservation, propagation and preservation of all kinds of flora and fauna.

Q5: Which are the original texts of "Vṛkṣāyurveda" ?

A: The following table gives the lists of published works on "Vṛkṣāyurveda"



Treatise
1.
Kṛṣi Parāśara
2.
Kṛṣi Samānya nirṇaya
3.
Śālihotra Vṛkṣāyurveda
4.
Arthasāśtra
5.
Vṛkṣa-āyur-jñānam (Agni Purāṇam)
6.
Druma-āropaṇa-nirūpaṇam (Vishṇudharmottara Purāṇam)
7.
Vṛkṣotsava -vidhi, Vṛkṣa vimarśa, Vṛkṣavaikṛtyam (Matsya Purāṇam)
8.
Go mahātṃyam – sṛṣti khāndam (Padma Purāṇam)
9.
Kṛṣi-saṅgraha
10.
Kṛṣi-tantra
11.
Parāśara Vṛkṣāyurveda
12.
Gulmavṛkṣāyurveda
13.
Pramododyānam
14.
Vanauṣadi varga (Amarakośa)
15.
Bṛhat Saṃhitā
16.
Bhūgarbha-vijñānam
17.
Kāshyapīya Kṛṣisūkti
18.
Vṛkṣa-āyurguṇa
19.
Surapāla Vṛkṣāyurveda
20.
Abhilaṣitārtha-chintāmaṇi (Mānasollāsa)
21.
Bheṣaja-vidyāsūkti
22.
Lokopakāra
23.
Upavana Vinoda
24.
Saddarśana samucchaya
25.
Pṛthvīnirāparyam
26.
Nyāyavidūtika
27.
Upaskāra
28.
Viśvavallabhā
29.
Kṛṣi shāstram
30.
Kṛṣi Gīta
31.
Vṛkṣāropaṇam
32.
ṛtu vijñānam
33.
Kṛṣi śāsana
34.
Tāmbūlamañjari
35.
Vanaspati

M/s. Asian Agri-history foundation, have published many of the "Vṛkṣāyurveda" books in addition to publishing detailed research almanac called "Indian agricultural heritage", containing many details on the agricultural practices in ancient Bharatam.

Many of these treatises contain details on types of lands, social structure, life-styles of people in respective regions and time periods, food habits, etc. The critical manuscript editing and publication of "Arthaśāstra" of "ācārya Kautiya" from many manuscript collections in 1909, which details about "Vṛkṣāyurveda" and also responsibilities of agricultural superintendents, etc., had helped scholars to further search for other treatises on "Vṛkṣāyurveda". Thus the scholars have found many manuscripts on "Vṛkṣāyurveda", many of them are critically edited and published during the past 100 years. 

More on "Vṛkṣāyurveda"  - the holistic ecological agriculture to come...

3 comments:

  1. The answer to the question: Q3: Why "Vṛkṣāyurveda" is a combination of many subjects? is really enlightening. I have never thought of this in this manner. Thanks for the simple answer.

    In Q5: Which are the original texts of "Vṛkṣāyurveda" ?
    a. Arthasastra is a text related to vrikshayurveda?
    b. Why is that most texts are in puranas? i always thought that puranas are more or less stories...

    Thanks for the great introduction..

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks. Arthashastra is text primarily about Commerce, however agriculture and trade being the important professions in those days, commerce was revolving around them. Arthashastra has dedicated 2 main chapters relating to various aspects of agriculture.

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    2. Purana contain many things such as poetics, epistemology, agriculture, architecture, statecraft, law, etc. Purana shouldn't be taken lightly as just history or stories.

      Delete